SAS Bulletin

Volume 20   Number 1/2   January /June 1997

Remote Sensing and GIS

Apostolos Sarris, Associate Editor

First Congress of the Balkan Geophysical Society,Athens, Greece, 23-27 September 1996
    The first Congress of the Balkan Geophysical Society was the result of the efforts of the Geophysical Unions of the Balkan states to establish a platform of communication and co-operation among the various institutions that are involved in the area of geophysical research in the wider Balkan region. The organizing committee was drawn from members of the Hellenic Geophysical Union, which hosted the Congress at Zappeion Conference Centre. The forum attracted a large number of scientists from all over the world with main research interests in the area of the Balkans. About 25 companies were also present in the exhibition halls of the conference centre. Among the variety of subjects, archaeological prospection was one of the areas that attracted the interest of the participants, capturing the status of research in this particular field of geophysical surveying. The presentations included: Drahor, M. G., žA Large Scale Geophysical Prospection on the Acemhoyuk and Magnetic Research on the Amphorae Workshop Sites at the Sinop Region-TurkeyÓ; Ercan, E., Baysal, H. & Yildiz, H., žArchaeogeophysical Investigations at Egmir Hellenistic Tomb; Denizli, TurkeyÓ; Ercan, A., Temizsoy, I. & Kaya, V., žArchaeogeophysical Investigations of Kulhoyuk Ancient Settlement Hill (Hittite and Hattie Periods), in Anatolia, TurkiyeÓ; Georgiev, M., Stoev, D., Velkovski, K. & Georgieva, K., žProspecting of a Prehistoric Settlement Using Geophysical MethodsÓ; Kavaja, V., Nacuci, I., Drini, F., Reci, H. & Vincani, F., žSome Results of Geophysical Prospecting in Archaeological Sites of Butrinti and ApolloniaÓ; Kovacheva, M., žGeomagnetic Palaeosecular Variations and ArchaeologyÓ; Sarris, A., Tsokas, Gr., Vargemezis, G., Sideris, G, Tokmakidis, C., Avxhiu, R., žGeophysical Surveying and Photogrammetry at the Acropolis of Bouthrotos, S. AlbaniaÓ; Sayin, N., žDetermination of Archaeological Sites in Menekse Gatagi Region by Geophysical MethodsÓ; Spatharas, V., Jordanova, N. & Karloukovski, V., žMagnetic Anisotropy Studies on Greek Pottery and BricksÓ; Tonkov, N. H., žGeophysical Prospecting of Thracian Funeral Tumuli in žThe Valley of KingsÓ; Tsokas, Gr., Sarris, A., Tsourlos, P., Papazachos, C. & Giannopoulos, A., žAlarge Geophysical Survey in Makrygialos (Pieria), GreeceÓ; Tsokas, Gr., Savvaidis, A. S., Stabolidis, A., Liritzis, Y. & Apostolou, M. žThe Location and Mapping of Ancient Ruins on the Castle of Lefkas (Greece) by Resistivity and GPR MethodsÓ; Vafidis, A., Sarris, A., Oikonomou, N. & Kalpaxis, A., žGeophysical Survey in the Archaeological Site of Itanos, Lasithi, GreeceÓ.

Third Symposium on Archaeometry of the G.S.A.,Athens, Greece, 6-10 November 1996 ;
    The Greek Society for Archaeometry (G.S.A.) hold its 3rd Symposium on Archaeometry in Athens, Greece. The organizing committee was drawn from the Archaeometry Laboratory of the N.R.C.P.S. žDemokritusÓ, Ministry of Culture, Technical Educational Institute, Institute of Archaeology of Crete and Thetis Hellas, Ltd. The oral presentations and posters covered a wide range of subjects attracting more than 180 participants from 10 countries.
    The conference included a session on the Dating of Organic and Inorganic Materials covering the areas of Radiocarbon Dating, Optical Dating and Thermoluminance. The involvement of physical sciences in the study of the caves žKalamakiaÓ Areopolis in Mani and Theopetra in Thessaly, the prehistoric settlement of Archontiko in Giannitsa, the port of Nestor and the wider area of Diros in Laconia was discussed in the session entitled Paleoenvironment and Geoarchaeology. The first day of the Symposium concluded with a session on Geophysical Prospection that reflected the most current research in the Greek territory, including the underwater survey in Eliki and Pylos, geoelectric tomography in Europos, GPR surveys in Cyprus and Santorini and soil resistance and magnetic surveys in Epanomi, Makrygialos and Panakton.
    Characterization-Technology and Provenance Studies was the main topic of the second day of the symposium. The 20 oral presentations of this session were focused on the ancient marble quarries, the study of glass materials, the archaeometric analysis of pottery and the technology of wall paintings. The papers in the session reflected the results of the analysis of finds from the wider Mediterranean region, including Aegean, Balkans and Cyprus. A number of techniques (XRF, petrographic analysis, X-ray Tube Imaging, Neutron activation, 3-D imaging, atomic absorption, SEM, a.o.) used in the characterization and provenance studies was also presented in the discussion of the corresponding studies. The oral presentations in the session on Organic Residues Studies discussed the origin of Iron Age amber artifacts from Bulgaria, the implication of paleo-odontologic and trace mineral analysis in paleodiet, the usage of bone aminoacids, the experimental carbonization of vineyard products and the importance of conservation of organic residues. Archaeometallurgy was also one of the topics that attracted a large number of participants. In the session entitled Ancient Metals participants addressed a variety of topics such as ancient quarries, silver vessels, post-Byzantine metallic threads, coins, plasters, etc.
The thematic session of the conference was devoted to the Technology and Trade of Lithic Materials and Metals in the Eastern Mediterranean during Prehistory. The six presentations of the session covered an overview of the provenance and trade of obsidian in Aegean, the exchange obsidian models in Neolithic Thessaly, the raw materials used for the production of polished lithic tools from Thrace, the chipped stone provenance from Neolithic sites in Northern Greece, the acquisition and distribution of copper and tin on mainland Greece in LBA and the Bronze Age woodworking industry. The final day of the symposium was concluded with a session on the Mathematical and Statistic Methods. In this session, talks addressed specific topics such as the application of Markov Chain Monte Carlo methodologies to archaeological classification problems, the qualitative analysis of scenes on classical Attic gravestones, the Mycenean mathematics and the ancient social accounting.
    The poster session hosted 33 posters covering the whole range of topics discussed in the oral sessions. In the closing remarks of the symposium a few issues were stressed including the need of controlled conditions in geophysical prospection surveys, the cultural implications in the study of the production and exchange models and the future of mathematical and statistical methods in archaeological research. The symposium was concluded with a lecture at the Italian Archaeological School of Athens by prof. F. Lombardi and Dr. M. Vidale on žThe casting cores of Large Bronze Statues: New evidence and research perspectivesÓ.
    The abstracts of the symposium have been already published with the support of the journal žArchaiologia & TechnesÓ and the proceedings of the symposium are expected to be published in 1997.

Other Symposia
    International Workshop žElectric, Magnetic and Electromagnetic Methods Applied to Cultural HeritageÓ, Sept. 29-Oct. 1, 1997. Organizing Secretariat: Centro Italiano Congressi cic sud, tel. 0039-80-5043737, fax. 0039-80-5043736, Scientific Secretariat: Antonella Argentero, tel. 0039-6-90625274, fax. 0039-6-90672373,

A WEB site on the Archaeology of Malta.
    A new WEB site ( has been established featuring the archaeology in Malta, while Archaeology magazineŪs July/August issue focuses on the islandŪs cultural heritage. The archaeological content of the site has been written by Anthony Bonnano, Professor of Archaeology and Head of the Department of Classics and Archaeology at the University of Malta. Visitors to the WEB site will find information on the megalithic temples, Phoenician influence, Roman times, and even the latest discoveries and archaeological campaigns.

Geometrics Acquires Blackhawk Geosciences
    Blackhawk Geosciences, a geophysical service provider, was acquired by Geometrics, manufacturer of geophysical instruments. Address: 395 Java Drive, PO Box 3497, Sunnyvale, CA 94089. Tel 408-734-4616; fax 408-745-6131.

About the Associate Editor
    Dr. A. Sarris received his Ph.D. in Physics/Geophysics at the University of NebraskaLincoln (1992). He has been involved in archaeological prospection and remote sensing for  10 years, working in the U.S., Greece, Cyprus and Albania on more than 30 projects. He is currently a researcher at the Laboratory of GeophysicalSatellite Remote Sensing at the Institute of Mediterranean Studies, Foundation of Research & Technology. He teaches Space Science and Satellite Remote Sensing at the National Airforce Academy and has been a lecturer at the European Division of the University of Maryland. Dr. A. Sarris is a member of the Society of Greek Physicists, the Society of Greek Geophysicists, the European Geophysical Society and the Geological Society of America.

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